[FRENCH] Elie Guéraut est docteur en sociologie. Ses principaux intérêts de recherche portent sur les trajectoires sociales et résidentielles des jeunes diplômés ainsi que sur les recompositions sociales et politiques à l’œuvre dans les villes moyennes en déclin. Sa thèse interroge la fragilisation de la petite bourgeoisie culturelle d'une ville moyenne du centre de la France. Il s'appuie sur des données statistiques, ethnographiques et historiques, et est particulièrement sensible à leur articulation.
16 May 2017
Based on results collected through an ethnographic study, this article reviews the online and offline sociability practices of the “cultural community” of a medium-sized city in central France. This “localized social group” massively occupies various places of sociability, mainly cafés and association offices, scenes of affinitive relationships and of mutual acquaintances, but also the digital media, especially Facebook. The first part of this article presents a relational structure of the group constructed from the Facebook friends network. We will analyze it in the light of information on the individuals who compose it, collected through interviews and observations. This interpretative framework will allow us to understand the social practices observed together in physical and digital places. Even though our results advocate for continuity between online and offline social practices, especially regarding their social function (namely strengthening the group cohesion and borders), we will point out that the way individuals participate remains dependent on the nature of the place of sociability occupied, as well as on their position in the relational structure previously highlighted.
|Quand les sociabilités numériques consolident les frontières sociales|
28 March 2017
This paper analyses the strategies of young graduates returning to the city where they grew up after their higher education. It shows first the medium-sized cities are characterized by a significant amount of available skilled jobs and relatively low competition in the labour market. This environment is favourable for the young graduates’ access to qualified jobs and for a “skilled return” into their hometown. Using the results of an ethnographic survey in a given medium-sized city, the paper then shows how this return allows graduates to combine localized social resources (mainly inherited from their family’s background and network) with legitimate social resources (acquired during their curriculum) in order to integrate a skilled job and finally gain a favourable position in the various social scenes (particularly the local associative scene) of this “localized social space” they are part of.
|Mobiliser ses capitaux d’un espace à l’autre. Le retour qualifié dans les villes moyennes|